This recipe for roast turkey combines garlic-infused olive oil, fresh herbs, and lemon. It was brined first for a fool-proof juicy turkey with TONS of flavor.

how to cook a turkey

Roast turkey is the staple of the holiday season. Roasting a turkey can be intimidating and overwhelming with all the different approaches and techniques out there. How do we know which way is the best? The best way is arguable, most swear by their method. Which is great because their is no right or wrong. Just as long as you follow a few tips to make sure it is cooked through, not too dry, and has flavor.

Before I share my recipe and technique I should tell you how I learned some of the best lessons. I learn the best by trial and error. One of the first times I tried to make a Thanksgiving turkey was a few years ago and what a nightmare! In my defense, my kids were still babies and I was a bit sleep deprived.

Here goes.

Since I come from a big family with really good cooks, cooking the main holiday dish was never something I ever had to try. After I got married the first few holidays we mostly took turns going home for the holidays. My husband is from Oklahoma, so really we took turns on which road trip to take.

The first Thanksgiving that I tried to cook a turkey was…interesting. My in-laws came to see us for the holiday. They are a smaller family and are used to laid back and comfortable. So the pressure was off, they are super cool and fun people who probably would have been happy with sandwiches. I sent my husband out for a turkey and of course, he bought the biggest one he could find. A 24 lb ginormous bird.


It all started that morning when I got out the biggest pan for roasting that I had at the time. It was a glass 9×12 baking dish, I was so unprepared. After I prepped the turkey and tried to place it in the pan I realized something. It didn’t fit. Not even if I squeezed it. So, my husband, my father-in-law, and I stood over the gigantic raw turkey scratching our heads at how to get it in the oven. It was quite comical. Laugh or cry right?!?

What did we do? The only thing that we could do. We chopped off the legs and wings and put it all in the oven on two separate pans. 🙁

Yes, that really happened. To this day I will always appreciate my in-law’s non-judgmental patience. Of course, for that day dinner was not at a holiday table or at a reasonable time. Dinner turned into eating on a couch watching a football game at 8:30 at night. Good times.

Thanks to my mishap I will never ever forget to prep ahead for a holiday. With one exception, I may have started a small fire in my oven on Easter Sunday that same year. But that’s a story for a different day. Let’s just say I’ve learned a LOT from my own bloopers.

So my tips for roasting a turkey come from experience.


Brine the turkey.

I stand behind this method. This will infuse flavor and make drying out the turkey during cooking almost impossible.

Make sure the turkey is completely thawed.

Also, set it out at room temperature for at least an hour before prepping for the oven. This will help the turkey cook more evenly throughout. Follow packaging instructions on proper thawing times.

Dry the turkey.

Always thoroughly dry the turkey before prepping it. You can easily use paper towels to remove any excess moisture from the skin and all around. This will help the turkey brown and create a crispy skin.

Make sure you have a good roasting pan.

A good quality roasting pan that will fit ANY size turkey will be a good investment that you will never regret. I like a good quality metal pan with a roasting rack that can be scrubbed properly. The roasting rack will help the turkey stay above the juices that fall and help the turkey cook more evenly. I do not use a non-stick pan. Especially if you use the pan on the stove to make gravy after the turkey is cooked.

Use a meat thermometer

Remove the plastic popper that is supposed to pop out when the turkey is done. It is better and more accurate to take the temperature of the turkey with a meat thermometer. The temperature should read 165 degrees in the thigh of the turkey.

If you follow these basic tips you can cook with almost any method and have success.

This recipe for roast turkey I used a garlic infused olive oil, fresh herbs, and a touch of lemon.

I used fresh rosemary, thyme, sage, a lot of garlic, other dried herbs, and stuffed the cavity with lemon. The brine had all these ingredients plus onions, lemon, and white wine. I also soaked cheesecloth in the infused olive oil and draped it on top of the turkey while it cooked.

I usually use foil to cover the turkey while it’s cooking but I’ve recently learned about people using a cheesecloth. So for the past few times that I made roast turkey, I used a cheesecloth drenched in olive oil. I’m hooked, I love this method. You can baste right over the cheesecloth and the turkey absorbs it easily. You remove the cheesecloth for about the last hour of cooking so the skin can really crisp up.

roast turkey

This photo is my first attempt at using a cheesecloth. I may have overdone the cheesecloth the first time, it is all bunched up. I like to make sure it’s covered.


Turns out you can easily make infused olive oil in just a few minutes. I put the olive oil in a small bowl and added crushed garlic to it. I let it sit out for a few minutes and let the oil absorb the garlic. I placed the oil and garlic into a small saucepan and turned the heat to medium. I brought it to a slight simmer, stirred it around, then turned off the heat. It simmered for about 5 minutes then I let it cool completely before soaking the cheesecloth. I used about 1 cup of olive oil and about 5 cloves of garlic…yes I like garlic.


To make bringing a turkey less messy, overwhelming, and daunting I use a couple of things.

Brine Bag

This is a heavy duty bag large enough to hold a turkey and the brine mixture well.

Container With Lid

I found a rectangular container with a lid that fits any size turkey and also fits well in my refrigerator. This container is only used for meat marinating. I sanitize it after every use and store it away and don’t use it for anything else.

turkey recipe

I place the brine bag in the bin first then place the turkey into the brine bag. Next, I mix the brine solution in a pitcher, then I slowly pour the brine mixture into the bag with the turkey. Make sure to cover the entire turkey with the mixture.

turkey recipe

Tie the bag tight with some twine or you can the plastic in a knot.

turkey recipe

Place the lid and set in the fridge.

turkey brine

Finding a container that fits in your refrigerator is a game changer.

turkey brine

To make the best of your bringing efforts brine a turkey for 24 hrs or overnight. Once you are ready to prepare the turkey take it out of the fridge and out of the brine and allow it to sit out for at least an hour to get the chill out of the turkey. A turkey that warms up to room temperature will cook more evenly.

roast turkey recipe

Once the turkey is ready, dry it off with a paper towel to remove excess moisture. Now your are ready to prep!

This is my method. I use the left over infused olive oil and rub it onto the turkey as you would butter. Place it under the skin of the breasts as well. If you haven’t ever done this before, run your hand under the skin on the breast to loosen the skin.

Once you add the oil, add the herbs. I always measure out and mix all the seasonings for the turkey and keep it in a small bowl. This will prevent contamination of any bacteria while handling the raw turkey.

Once you have all the seasonings and olive oil on the turkey you can stuff the inside. I save some of the seasonings and put some inside the cavity, then add one sliced up lemon. Then you an cover with the cheesecloth.

Before I place it in the oven I put seasonings, chicken stock, the neck of the turkey, and extra garlic on the bottom of the pan while the turkey is cooking. This way the drippings are being seasoned as they fall into the pan. I’ve done this many times and it makes a great gravy.

Place in the oven at 400 degrees for about 30 minutes and then reduce the temperature to 325 degrees and cook for the remaining time. Always follow the cooking instructions on the package.

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how to roast a turkey

Roast Turkey

  • Author: Amy
  • Total Time: 32 minute


This is a roast turkey recipe that uses an infused garlic olive oil, fresh herbs, and a hint of lemon for a juicy and delicious holiday dinner.


Units Scale

For the brine:

  • 23 gallons of water (enough to cover turkey)
  • 1 cup of salt
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1 tbsp whole peppercorns
  • 3 sprigs of rosemary, thyme, and sage
  • 1 red onion sliced thin
  • 710 crushed garlic cloves (about a whole head)
  • 1 lemon cut into slices.
  • 2 cups dry white wine

For Turkey:

  • 1 10-20 lb Turkey
  • 1 cup garlic-infused olive oil
  • 1 tbsp chopped rosemary
  • 1 tbsp chopped thyme
  • 1 tbsp parsley
  • 2 tsp salt
  • 2 tsp pepper
  • 1 sliced lemon (for cavity)
  • 1 soaked olive oil infused cheesecloth

For the Gravy

  • 1 cup chicken stock
  • 1/2 cup dry white wine
  • 1 turkey neck
  • 3 rosemary sprigs
  • 1 tsp thyme
  • 1 garlic head cut in half
  • 1/4 cup heavy cream

For the garlic infused olive oil:

  • 1 cup extra virgin olive oil
  • 35 crushed garlic cloves





To brine:

  • Place brine bag in a designated bringing container. Take the turkey out of its packaging and place the turkey in the brine bag.
  • Place 1/2 gallon of hot water in a pot or ceramic pitcher and add salt and sugar. Stir to dissolve salt and sugar. Stir in the rest of the ingredients and pour into brine bag with turkey. Add more water to the brine bag until the turkey is completely covered with water and mix up the brine to even out ingredients.
  • Tie the bag shut securely, place lid on top, and put into the refrigerator for 24 hours or overnight.

For the Infused Olive Oil:

  • Add 1 cup of olive oil and crushed garlic to a small saucepan.
  • Bring to a simmer on medium heat.
  • Once simmering,  reduce heat to medium-low and continue to let simmer for about 5 minutes. Remove from heat and let cool.
  • Soak enough cheesecloth to cover the turkey.

For Turkey:

  • In a small bowl add all of the dry seasonings for the top of the turkey and mix.
  • Remove the turkey from the brine solution, pat dry and let sit out at room temperature for at least an hour.
  • Place turkey on a roasting pan with the rack.
  • Tuck the wings behind the neck by lifting them up and behind. (optional step to prevent the tips from burning)
  • Bring the legs together and tie with cooking twine. This will help the chicken brown evenly.
  • Wring out the cheesecloth and set it aside. Rub the leftover infused olive oil all over the turkey and under the skin, then sprinkle with seasonings. Make sure to put some seasonings under the skin. Take the garlic that was used to infuse the olive oil and put under the skin and on some of the turkey. Garnish with extra sprigs of herbs if desired.
  • Cover with oil-soaked cheesecloth.
  • Add 1 cup water, 1 cup white wine, 1 cup chicken stock, the neck of the turkey, herbs, and the garlic head that is cut in half to the bottom of the pan under the turkey.
  • Place in the oven at 400 degrees for 30 minutes. 
  • After 30 minutes reduce the temperature to 325 degrees and cook the turkey for a couple more hours depending on the size.
  • Baste the turkey with juices from the bottom of the pan at least every hour.
  • In the last hour of cooking remove the cheesecloth for the turkey and baste it every 30 minutes.
  • Check the temperature of the turkey and monitor it after a couple of hours in the oven. Turkey will be done when a meat thermometer inserted into the thigh reaches 165 degrees.
  • Follow packaging instructions for exact cooking times. Cooking times may vary.
  • Once you remove the turkey from the oven, cover with foil and let sit for 30 minutes. It will continue to roast for a few minutes and all the juices will incorporate into the turkey.

For the Gravy:

  • Once the turkey is done and has rested for 30 minutes remove from the pan and place on a platter.
  • Take the rack out of the pan and put the pan onto a large burner or two burners on medium heat. De glaze the pan with 1/2 cup white wine and whisk.
  • Add 2 tbsp flour and whisk and let simmer for a few minutes.
  • Transfer to a small saucepan on medium/low heat.
  • Add 1 cup chicken stock and 1/4 cup heavy cream and whisk.
  • Let simmer and cook until gravy thickens, add additional seasonings to taste.
  • Remove the sauce pan from the heat and place in a gravy bowl to serve.


For the hot water in the brine, I just use hot tap water that is hot enough to dissolve the sugar.

If you don’t have a roasting pan with a rack you can use potatoes or vegetables to hold the turkey above the juices.

Always follow packaging instructions for each turkey. A turkey is considered done when a thermometer inserted into the thigh reaches 165 degrees.

  • Prep Time: 1 hr
  • Cook Time: 3-4 hours (varies)
roast turkey recipe

This is my go-to recipe for roast turkey. If you are still a little intimidated, just remember that there once was someone who cut the legs off a turkey to get it in the oven…. and it still tasted delicious 🙂

Do you have any turkey or holiday bloopers? Tell me in the comments, I would LOVE to hear I’m not the only one.

reciep for roast turkey

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